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Wildlife 1

 

When trees are planted for a dual roll, there are some important sylvicultural characteristics that need careful consideration, in order to preserve the conservation of wildlife and the trees' long term natural beauty:

 

  1. Their special needs regarding climate, soil and situation; light and shade; the shape of root systems, stems, and crowns; the rate of growth; maturity or crop bearing age, and longevity.
  2. Effect on habitat - short term and long term.                               
  3. Hastings and Rother District enjoy many small micro climatic areas, mainly developed by the prevailing south-westerly winds which are occasionally heavily laden with sea spray. The salt and velocity of the winds leads to severe leaf and stem burns in the canopy; the canopy becomes very dense altering air flow, humidity, temperature, and soil conditions over a number of years. Trees that appear to cope best with these conditions are the Oak, Hawthorn, and Field Maple species.
  4. There is much evidence that Beech, Pedunculate Oak, Sweet Chestnut, and Martine Pine trees do well in the warmer sheltered parts of the borough and across the Rother area. Holm Oak and White Beam tolerate exposed conditions better. Around the many Spring lines Alder, Maple, Willows and Poplars could improve some habitats.
  5. Depth, permeability and a moderate amount of moisture are more important than any type of soil. The root system of any tree should develop freely and normally. With satisfactory physical properties any soil around Hastings may be relied on to produce sufficient mineral food for good tree growth and rich harvests for wildlife over many decades. Oak, Chestnut and Maple have deep rooting systems.
  6. Sweet Chestnut and Oak are light demanding, Horse Chestnut is more tolerant. Beech and Alder can thrive in more shady conditions. 

 

The Sweet Chestnut (otherwise known as 'Castaneda Sativa') and Oak trees ('Queues Robur Pediculate Oak' and 'Queues Petrai Sessile Oak') should be planted in order to become the dominating well grown king-pins of the area in 50 years' time. In the long term, they will stabilise and drain the ground, providing much needed food for the wildlife on the sadly neglected areas of Hastings. Smaller fruit and seed bearing trees should be planted to radiate out from the will emerge. This in turn will cope better with gales and provide a more balanced habitat for wildlife.

 

Wildlife 2